2.D.3.b - Road Paving

Short description

Category Code Method AD EF
2.D.3.b T1 AS CS
Key Category SO₂ NOₓ NH₃ NMVOC CO BC Pb Hg Cd Diox PAH HCB TSP PM₁₀ PM₂ ₅
2.D.3.b -/- -/- - -/- - - - - - - - - -/- -/- -/-

Click to view Legend

Click to hide Legend

T = key source by Trend L = key source by Level

Methods
D Default
RA Reference Approach
T1 Tier 1 / Simple Methodology *
T2 Tier 2*
T3 Tier 3 / Detailed Methodology *
C CORINAIR
CS Country Specific
M Model
* as described in the EMEP/CORINAIR Emission Inventory Guidebook - 2007, in the group specific chapters.
AD - Data Source for Activity Data
NS National Statistics
RS Regional Statistics
IS International Statistics
PS Plant Specific data
AS Associations, business organisations
Q specific questionnaires, surveys
EF - Emission Factors
D Default (EMEP Guidebook)
C Confidential
CS Country Specific
PS Plant Specific data


Currently, the report tables list produced quantities of mixed asphalt products (from stationary installations only) and NMVOC, NOx and SO2 emissions caused of this. Only emissions from asphalt production are reported. Figures relative to emissions released during laying of asphalt have not been examined.

Method

Activity data

The applicable quantity of mixed asphalt products produced (activity rate) has been taken from communications of the Deutscher Asphaltverband (DAV; German asphalt association). In total about 660 asphalt-mixing plants produce more than 40 Million tonnes of hot-mix for road paving [1].

Emission factors

Emission factors have been determined country-specifically, pursuant to Tier 2. For determination of emission factors for emissions measurements from over 400 asphalt-mixing plants, made during the period 1989 through 2000, were used. The majority of the emissions occur during drying of pertinent mineral substances. Almost all of the NMVOC emissions originate in the organic raw materials used, and they are released primarily in parallel-drum operation, as well as from mixers and loading areas. On average, about 50% of the NOx and SO2 involved come from the mineral substances (proportional process emissions). CO emissions are calculated solely in connection with fuel inputs.

Table 1: Overview of applied emission factors, in kg/t

pollutant Name of Category EF value EF trend
NMVOC Production of mixed asphalt 0.030 constant
NOₓ Production of mixed asphalt 0.015 constant
SOₓ Production of mixed asphalt 0.030 constant
TSP Production of mixed asphalt 0.006 constant
PM₁₀ Production of mixed asphalt 0.0057 constant
PM₂.₅ Production of mixed asphalt 0.003 constant

Recalculations

With activity data and emission factors remaining unrevised, no recalculations have been carried out compared to last year's submission.

Planned improvements

At the moment, no category-specific improvements are planned.