2.C.5 - Lead Production

Short description

Within this NFR sub-category, SO2, PM2.5, PM10, TSP, As, Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn, PCB and PCDD/F emissions from the production of lead are reported.

Category Code Method AD EF
2.C.5 T1 AS D, CS
Key Category SO₂ NOₓ NH₃ NMVOC CO BC Pb Hg Cd Diox PAH HCB TSP PM₁₀ PM₂ ₅
2.C.5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Method

Activity data

The yearly production figures were taken from the annual statistical report of the German association for non-ferrous metals [Lit. 1].

Emission factors

The emission factors are either default values according to the 2019 EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook [Lit. 2] or determined in several research projects. For heavy metals (HM), the applied emission factors are derived from [Lit. 3].

Table 1: Tier2 emission factors applied for primary lead production

Pollutant EF Unit Trend Source
SO2, 2.050 kg/t constant
PM2.5 0.0175 kg/t falling
PM10 0.02125 kg/t falling
TSP 0.025 kg/t falling
As 49.213 mg/t falling NE-K-G [Lit. 3]
Cd 62.448 mg/t falling NE-K-G [Lit. 3]
Cu 162.663 mg/t falling
Hg 0.3 g/t falling NE-K-G [Lit. 3]
Pb 6.027521 g/t falling NE-K-G [Lit. 3]
Zn 664 mg/t
PCB 2.1 mg/t
PCDD/F 0.34 µg/t falling

Table 2: Tier2 emission factors applied for secondary lead production

Pollutant EF Unit Trend Source
SO2, 2.050 kg/t constant
PM2.5 0.0175 kg/t falling
PM10 0.02125 kg/t falling
TSP 0.025 kg/t falling
As 0.041179 g/t falling NE-K-G [Lit. 3]
Cd 0.019767 g/t falling NE-K-G [Lit. 3]
Hg 0.324515 g/t falling NE-K-G [Lit. 3]
Pb 4.506295 g/t falling NE-K-G [Lit. 3]
Zn 0.05 g/t falling NE-K-G [Lit. 3]
PCB 2.1 mg/t
PCDD/F 0.34 µg/t falling

Recalculations

With activity data and emission factors remaining unrevised, no recalculations have been carried out compared to last year's submission.

For pollutant-specific information on recalculated emission estimates for Base Year and 2018, please see the pollutant specific recalculation tables following chapter 8.1 - Recalculations.

Planned improvements

No category-specific improvements are planned.




Bibliography

Lit. 1: German association for non-ferrous metals (WirtschaftsVereinigung Metalle): Annual statistical report: https://www.wvmetalle.de
Lit. 2: EMEP/EEA, 2019: EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2019, Copenhagen, 2019. https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/emep-eea-guidebook-2019/part-b-sectoral-guidance-chapters/2-industrial-processes/2-c-metal-production/2-c-5-lead-production/view
Lit. 3: Ökopol, IER, IZT, IfG: Bereitstellung einer qualitätsgesicherten Datengrundlage für die Emissionsberichterstattung zur Umsetzung von internationalen Luftreinhalte- und Klimaschutzvereinbarungen für ausgewählte Industriebranchen Teilvorhaben 2: NE-Metallindustrie, Kalkindustrie, Gießereien.