2.C.5 - Lead Production

Short description

Within this NFR sub-category, SO2, PM2.5, PM10, TSP, As, Cd, Hg, Pb, PCDD/F and PCB emissions from the production of lead are reported.

Category Code Method AD EF
2.C.5 T1 AS D, CS
Key Category SO₂ NOₓ NH₃ NMVOC CO BC Pb Hg Cd Diox PAH HCB TSP PM₁₀ PM₂ ₅
2.C.5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


Activity data

The yearly production figures were taken from the annual statistical report of the German association for non-ferrous metals [Lit. 1].

Emission factors

The emission factors are either default values according to the 2016 EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook [Lit. 2] or determined in several research projects. For heavy metals (HM), the applied emission factors are derived from [Lit. 3].

Table 1: Tier1 emission factors applied for entire time series

Pollutant EF Unit
SO2, 2.050 kg/t
PM2.5 0.0175 kg/t
PM10 0.02125 kg/t
TSP 0.025 kg/t
As 0.041179 g/t
Cd 0.019767 g/t
Hg 0.324515 g/t
Pb 4.506295 g/t
PCDD/F 0.34 µg/t



With activity data and emission factors remaining unrevised, no recalculations have been carried out compared to last year's submission.

For pollutant-specific information on recalculated emission estimates for Base Year and 2018, please see the pollutant specific recalculation tables following chapter 8.1 - Recalculations.

Planned improvements

No category-specific improvements are planned.


Lit. 1: German association for non-ferrous metals (WirtschaftsVereinigung Metalle): Annual statistical report: https://www.wvmetalle.de
Lit. 2: EMEP/EEA, 2016: EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016, Copenhagen, 2016.
Lit. 3: Ökopol, IER, IZT, IfG: Bereitstellung einer qualitätsgesicherten Datengrundlage für die Emissionsberichterstattung zur Umsetzung von internationalen Luftreinhalte- und Klimaschutzvereinbarungen für ausgewählte Industriebranchen Teilvorhaben 2: NE-Metallindustrie, Kalkindustrie, Gießereien.